On Justice and the Nature of Man: A Commentary on Surah al-Nisa (4):58 and Surah al-Mu'minun (23):13-14 - Softcover
Author: Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas
Pages: ix + 57 pages
Weight: 150 grams
In this monograf, the author selected and makes a commentary on verses in the Holy Qur'an, surah al-Nisa', verse 58 and surah al-Mu'minun verses 12-14. He argues that these verses convey the nature of justice and of man that may have not been elicited from them before in such way as to reveal the essential meanings intended by them.
The author starts with deliberating on the five fundamental key terms contains in surah al-Nisa': 58; amr (Divine command), amanah (trust), ahl (the Keepers), hakam (the arbitrator or judge), 'adl (justice) which the author believes these key terms intended meaning is to warn us against our habitual tendency to stray from the right course in the exercise of power.
The author maintains that man is not a genus nor species but a new and a special creation, contrary to the evolutionist and positivistic theory which views man as a species that gradually undergone evolutionary process of natural selection from a common ancestor for hundred thousand of years.
The author then proves this claim by establishing the period of history of mankind i.e the arrival of Prophet Adam a.s to this world. In order to establish this historical timeline of mankind, he uses three sources in his rational estimation methodology; verses in the Holy Qur'an, prophetic tradition (hadith), and history and archaeological discovery particularly on period of Kings and Rulers. He asserts that the arrival of Prophet Adam and his wife was about 7000 or 8000 years ago and not tens and hundreds of thousands years for man to evolve to the stage of homo sapiens.
The Nature of Man